: Jan 17, 2015

So you think this world matters to you? Dunyā (Arabic: دُنْيا) is a word in Ara…

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So you think this world matters to you? Dunyā (Arabic: دُنْيا) is a word in Arabic (also Persian, Dari, Pashto, Bangla, Punjabi, Urdu, Hindi and loanword in Malay language) which means, in Islamic terminology, the temporal world—and its earthly concerns and possessions—as opposed to the eternal spiritual realm, or the hereafter (ākhira). Dunyā literally means ‘closer’ or ‘lower’. In the Qur’an, dunyā and ākhira represent oppositions in temporal, spatial and moral dimensions: now and later, below and above, evil and good, respectively.

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